ADDICTION- TREATMENT MODALITIES

Dry drunk syndrome
March 8, 2018
I AM CLEAN, NOT PERFECT
May 21, 2018

Addiction is considered to be a disease that affects body mind and soul.
Hence, in an ailment that affects the entire individual will medicines help?

Early days 

Till the end of the 19th century addicts were considered to be insane people and would be institutionalised in a psychiatric facility or mad houses as they were called then.

Self help Groups

In 1935 self group Alcoholics Anonymous was established. Narcotics Anonymous was established in 1953. Both are fellowships of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they may solve their common problem and help others to recover from  alcoholism and drug addiction. The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking/using. There are no dues or fees ; they are self-supporting through their own contributions Its primary purpose is to stay sober and help other alcoholics and drug addicts to achieve sobriety.

 Harm Reduction Therapy 

This aims at reducing the use of existent drugs by substituting it with another drug which is less addictive and less harmful than the substance of choice.E.g. Buprenorphine is used as substitutes for illicit opiate drugs. Although these drugs are themselves addictive, the goal is to provide a clinically supervised, stable dose of a particular opioid in order to provide a measure of control to both pain and cravings. This provides a chance for the addict to function normally and to reduce the negative consequences associated with obtaining sufficient quantities of substances illicitly, by both reducing opioid cravings and withdrawals.

Residential Rehabiltation programs

This is the ideal treatment process . The person afflicted with addiction has to stay for anywhere between 30 days to a year for a structured treatment in a controlled environment.

The residential treatment centers may use any of the following

  • 12 step program to recovery
  • Cognitive Behavior Therapy – which says that addiction is a behavioral problem and hence therapy in that direction will aid in treatment
  • SMART Recovery program – that looks at the relationship between thoughts, feelings and behaviors, recognizing that a change in any of these areas can affect the whole.

These residential centers  in India are Voluntary centers where in the person comes into treatment voluntarily accepting he needs help and Involuntary centers wherein the person is admitted against his will .

Surgery is the last option in the treatment of any ailment  . .likewise involuntary treatment for addiction should be the last option -only if the person is either suicidal or homicidal.

As per us at Anatta Humanversity true recovery can happen only in the freedom of voluntarily accepting help. The treatment methodologies involve Meditation , Counseling processes and Workpapers individualistically designed . The meditation techniques are very psychotherapeutic and take one within, making it easier to deal with issues that are resolved through counselling and writing processes. The ambience is very loving and accepting, thus enabling the individual marginalised by himself, family and society to accept and love  himself/ herself. Thus the afflicted individual learns to live life and thrive without finding the need to use a substance.