INHALANT ABUSE

CRYSTAL METH
May 21, 2018
QUESTIONNAIRES TO IDENTIFY CHEMICAL DEPENDENCE AND CO DEPENDENCY
May 21, 2018

Ever seen a kid sniffing something from a pouch or a cloth on railway stations? Seen a school kid’s white ink getting over sooner than it has been bought? Office supplies ordered more than required especially cleaning fluids, glue etc? Most likely you are looking at an addiction to inhalants.

Inhalants are drugs that are rarely taken via any other route of administration though there are other illicit drugs that can be inhaled too. The term of usage is called “huffing.”

Products Abused as Inhalants

Volatile solvents — Cdegreasers, dry-cleaning fluids, gasoline, and lighter fluid

  • Art or office supply solvents, including correction fluids, felt-tip marker fluid, electronic contact cleaners, and glue

Aerosols — Sprays that contain propellants and solvents

  • Household aerosol propellants in items such as spray paints, hair or deodorant sprays, fabric protector sprays, aerosol computer cleaning products, and vegetable oil sprays

Gases — Found in household or commercial products and used as medical anesthetics

  • Household or commercial products, including butane lighters and propane tanks, whipped cream aerosols or dispensers (whippets), and refrigerant gases
  • Medical anesthetics, such as ether, chloroform, halothane, and nitrous oxide (“laughing gas”)

Nitrites — Used primarily as sexual enhancers

  • Organic nitrites are volatiles that include cyclohexyl, butyl, and amyl nitrites, commonly known as “poppers.” Amyl nitrite is still used in certain diagnostic medical procedures. When marketed for illicit use, organic nitrites are often sold in small brown bottles labeled as “video head cleaner,” “room odorizer,” “leather cleaner,” or “liquid aroma.”

These products are not considered as drugs of abuse but have been found to be so more so in young children than older teens or adults.

Methods of usage

Abusers of inhalants breathe them in through the nose or mouth in a variety of ways (known as “huffing”). They may sniff or snort fumes from a container or dispenser (such as a glue bottle or a marking pen or white ink), spray aerosols (such as computer cleaning dusters) directly into their nose or mouth, or place a chemical-soaked rag in their mouth. Abusers may also inhale fumes from a balloon or a plastic or paper bag. Although the high produced by inhalants usually lasts just a few minutes, abusers often try to prolong it by continuing to inhale repeatedly over several hours.

Effects on Brain and Body of Inhalant abuse

Repeated abuse of inahalnts are addictive.
Inhalant effects are similar to that of alcohol- slurred speech, lack of coordination, dizziness , euphoria etc.. They can also experience hallucinations and delusions. They may feel loss of control of self with light headedness and a lingering headache

Breathing difficulties also occur with at times stoppage of breath. There can be abdominal discomfort , nausea, ulcers, vomiting and vomiting of blood. Irregular heart beats might occur. Nervous system damage happens in the form of affection of sensations, muscle power and coordination, degeneration of brain function and capacity. Liver functions are also affected.

Inhalant abuse and addiction in India is becoming more prevalent amongst urban street children, especially addiction to cobbler’s glue, petrol fumes etc Even the well heeled school children are getting addicted to white ink, glue etc. I have seen children afflicted with tremors, in coordination, confusion with difficulty to function psychologically ro rheir capacity etc.

We at Anatta provide the right environs for growth , healing and a return to a regular vibrant life.

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